California Juvenile Arrest
A police officer may arrest a minor without a warrant for a misdemeanor or a felony if the officer has probable cause to believe that the minor committed a misdemeanor or felony. An officer may arrest a minor with a warrant issued by the juvenile court.
Juvenile Miranda Rights
Once an officer has arrested a minor they must advise the minor of his or her constitutional rights to remain silent and to counsel (Welfare & Institutions Code 625).
Arresting Officer Has Four Options
Once arrested, an officer has four choices of what to do with the minor:
- Release the minor with a warning and take no further action
- Release the minor and refer them for counseling
- Release the minor and issue a citation ordering them to appear at the juvenile probation department
- Take the minor to the juvenile authorities for detention
The officer should choose the least restrictive alternative provided that it’s in the best interests of the minor and the community (Welfare & Institutions Code 626.5(b)).
California Welfare and Institutions Code 625
A peace officer may, without a warrant, take into temporary custody a minor:
(a) Who is under the age of 18 years when such officer has reasonable cause for believing that such minor is a person described in Section 601 or 602, or
(b) Who is a ward of the juvenile court or concerning whom an order has been made under Section 636 or 702, when such officer has reasonable cause for believing that person has violated an order of the juvenile court or has escaped from any commitment ordered by the juvenile court, or
(c) Who is under the age of 18 years and who is found in any street or public place suffering from any sickness or injury which requires care, medical treatment, hospitalization, or other remedial care.
In any case where a minor is taken into temporary custody on the ground that there is reasonable cause for believing that such minor is a person described in Section 601 or 602, or that he has violated an order of the juvenile court or escaped from any commitment ordered by the juvenile court, the officer shall advise such minor that anything he says can be used against him and shall advise him of his constitutional rights, including his right to remain silent, his right to have counsel present during any interrogation, and his right to have counsel appointed if he is unable to afford counsel.